eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'scandinaviafacts_com-netboard-1','ezslot_17',118,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'scandinaviafacts_com-netboard-1','ezslot_18',118,'0','1'])); As the possibility of opposing sides planning an invasion in Norway became apparent, both felt growing pressure to gain control first. The royal family met the government and boarded a train headed to Hamar. How to make a timeline? 800 - The Viking Age begins. German forces moving north from Oslo reach. Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Timeline_of_the_Norwegian_Campaign&oldid=971653790, Articles lacking sources from December 2009, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The adversity that was collectively faced during the war resulted in a strengthened Norwegian identity. The damage to German ships was a success, but there was nothing the British Navy could do about the German troops who had already landed in Narvik.eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'scandinaviafacts_com-netboard-2','ezslot_19',127,'0','0'])); As British ships left, German relief force attacked, sinking two ships and causing the rest to flee. While most citizens that were involved preferred passive means of protests, more drastic actions included the destruction of ships, train tracks, and factories to disrupt German plans and access to supplies. The unprepared government gave unclear orders for mobilization, and all parties were fogged with shock from the strong German surprise attack. Finland, Norway’s Scandinavian neighbor, was invaded on November 30, 1939, just three months after the outbreak of the war. 1941. German ships had planned to return to Germany by the end of the day, but when a refueling tanker failed to reach them, it allowed time for the British Royal Navy to arrive. The secrets of Mjolnir. ... WW2 Timeline created by Dinlyn. Many towns and cities were obliterated by bombing tactics. In March of 1940, the United Kingdom prepared a plan to invade Norway. Eventually, meat, eggs, bread, butter, and dairy products also became rationed as well. Adolf Hitler opened the first concentration camps as … Peace in the Scandianvian region, and with their European neighbors to the south, brought about prosperity at the end of the 20th century. Norway argued for the mines to be removed from waters, all while unaware Germany had already begun mobilizing their invasion efforts. Others were able to escape to the United kingdom or enter hiding. ... WW2 Timeline created by williamchavez2016. Norwegian Independence From 1891 the Norwegians demanded a separate consular service. 27: Allied forces decide to withdraw from Namsos and Åndalsnes, abandoning the effort against German forces at Trondheim. 6 million Jews murdered by the brutal and wicked Nazi regime. This had been the first naval battle of Narvik. Germany alone would not measure up to the import and export business Norway had lost. In this, the first mass incarceration of Jewish Norwegian citizens took place in the Northern part of Norway. As prince Harald was the heir to the throne, the family decided it best that they split up during their travels. May ... WW2 Facts WW2 Timeline Soldiers in WW2 WW2 Planes WW2 Prisoners Of War. The German army was superior in size, training, and equipment. 20 million soldiers; 40 million civilians. In Denmark, this proved true, with the country capitulating merely hours after the king was captured. Conflict that erupted in Norwegian waters became a major strain to Norway’s neutrality. On the night of April 8, into April 9 of 1940, German troops invaded Norway. A concise World War 2 timeline, include the events of the late 1930s that precipitated the war, the major battles, and final events link to Why Did the Vikings Leave Scandinavia? Here is a timeline of major events during the war. Later in November, the remaining Jewish population of women, children, and the ill or disabled were arrested as well. Learn about the major events from 1918 to 1941 that sparked the first phase of World War II. 2 bombs that changed history, forever. In doing so, the German invasion of the capital was delayed by only a few hours. 1939 Return to Top of Page. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'scandinaviafacts_com-leader-4','ezslot_8',129,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'scandinaviafacts_com-leader-4','ezslot_9',129,'0','1'])); Germany had gained control of Norway after the country withheld invasion for approximately two months, the longest time any western European country withheld German invasion. It is thought that some operations occurred so strictly that family members did not know of each other’s involvement until after the war. Prime Minister Nygaardsvold arrived there to tell the king that parliament was split and had yet to make a decision. Historical "then" and "now" photography. 1914 - Outbreak of World War I. Sweden remains neutral. The battle for Norway in WW2 cost Germany and Britain dearly. At the beginning of World War II, however, Norwegian citizens and their government, did not know the trials that the country would face living under German occupation for five years. After more than five years of German occupation, on May 8 of 1945, German forces withdrew from Norway, and World War 2 had officially come to an end. The ration books would allow them to buy a certain allotment of specific items.eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'scandinaviafacts_com-mobile-leaderboard-1','ezslot_11',132,'0','0'])); Sugar, coffee, and flour were among the first foods to be rationed, with imported food following. Later, at 4:30 am the Norwegians were offered terms of surrender, but the king and the government, corresponding over the telephone, agreed to refuse the offer. May 10, 1940–June 22, 1940 Germany attacks western Europe—France and the neutral Low Countries. 829 - Christianity is introduced to the Swedes by Saint Ansgar. Norwegians entered global wartime neutral, but with many citizens willing to rally despite government for their Scandinavian neighbor of Finland. British forces faced nearly two thousand of their men killed or injured, and French and Polish troops suffered the death or injury of approximately five hundred men. The Germans had faced approximately five thousand men lost, the majority of which died on the way to Norway or during the first days of the invasion. eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'scandinaviafacts_com-mobile-leaderboard-2','ezslot_13',124,'0','0'])); On the night of April 8, the royal family was warned that the Germans were on their way to Norway. Norway has traditionally been committed to neutrality when it comes to global conflicts and history shows that they have mostly been successful in keeping that pledge. Germany invaded Denmark and Norway around the same time and had the same goals in both countries, one of which was to capture the king. https://www.secondworldwarhistory.com/invasion-of-norway.php A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. For most of the war, the country was a protectorate and then an occupied territory of Germany.The decision to occupy Denmark was taken in Berlin on 17 December 1939. 1945. Read More. General Nikolaus Falkenhorst was the man behind the invasion strategy, which included a combination of sea and air attacks at key locations along the Norwegian coastline. May 22, 1939 - Nazis sign 'Pact of Steel' with Italy. eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'scandinaviafacts_com-banner-1','ezslot_23',111,'0','0'])); The Altmark incident, and others like it, weakened Norway’s commitment to neutrality. The Soviet troops who liberated eastern Finnmark in November 1944 withdrew during the summer of 1945. 1940 Timeline. Winston Churchill Franklin D Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Emperor Hirohito Joseph Stalin. eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'scandinaviafacts_com-portrait-2','ezslot_26',114,'0','0'])); Germany was not prepared to lose this supplier of iron ore, which both German and British governments recognized. After this, incarceration and deportation of Norwegian Jews continued sporadically. 9 Apr.. - Germany invades Norway and Denmark. The Altmark was transporting what was estimated to be around 300 allied prisoners. In anticipation of an aggravated German response following the mining, British troops were planned to land at four important Norwegian ports: The timeline of Operation Wilfred would greatly impact Norway’s fate in the war. 500 - The Iron Age begins. Upon returning to the Sælid estate, the chief of police from Hamar city called and informed the royal family that the German forces were on their way. Norway Resistance Museum. Public timelines; Search; Sign in; Sign up; WW2 Timeline created by bubbastewart7. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive ... WW2 Timeline created by MarteAas. They were met by cheering crowds in Oslo. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'scandinaviafacts_com-sky-3','ezslot_30',130,'0','0'])); The citizens of Norway faced harsh societal conditions under Germany’s control. January 30, 1939 - Hitler threatens Jews during Reichstag speech. Rationing many commodities became necessary, including clothing, furniture, and food. liderazgoo. Apr 14 - British forces land in Narvik, Norway, but leave in 10 days If Britain were to gain control of Norway, they could cut the supply of iron ore to Germany and control what was at the time, neutral waters. The winter before Norway was invaded, its citizens organized and formed volunteer movements to help Finland fight against the encroaching Soviets. However the Swedes refused. In History. Also see the article, Who can lift Thor’s hammer? Towards the end of the month, over two hundred male Jewish citizens were arrested in Norway’s capital city of Oslo. 7: German vessels begin to set to sea for, 14: German Fallschirmjäger paratroopers make a, 15: Vidkun Quisling resigns. 25-dic-2015 - WW2 Norway 1940. During the Winter War, the Norwegian government technically did not allow men to volunteer for the war in Finland out of fear that that would aggravate the Germans and hamper their goal of remaining a neutral country.Nonetheless, more than seven hundred men and women volunteered to fight with Finnish troops including doctors, nurses, and several future leaders of the Norwegian resistance movement such as Max Manus and … There are a total of (102) Events of 1945 - WW2 Timeline (January 1st - December 31st, 1945) events in the Second World War timeline database. In the early months of the Second World War, Germany and Britain soon recognised Norway’s unique strategic importance. In the end, 25 Norwegians were sentenced to death, and roughly 19,000 received time in prison. Norwegian trade specifically was a major asset to Germany. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'scandinaviafacts_com-narrow-sky-1','ezslot_14',120,'0','0'])); Norway was largely underprepared for the attack from Germany. Atomic bombs finally ended the war against Japan. Recent WW2 Movies by floressasdesessientes | created - 05 Aug 2019 | updated - 8 months ago | Public Refine See titles to watch instantly, titles you haven't rated, etc. Resistance efforts took many forms, including underground newspapers and smuggling people and goods to neutral Sweden or to the United Kingdom. 1: Hitler approves final plans for the attacks on Norway and Denmark. There were several major events leading up to the war and then during the war. WW2/Cold War Timeline . The Scandinavian countries were adhering to a policy that had successfully kept them neutral in the past. Are you interested in the Norse Mythology? On February 16-17, 1940, the German tanker Altmark was passing through Norwegian waters. German soldiers requisitioned homes, businesses, schools, and other property, and were able to control and arrest anyone they found to be suspicious. Period: Apr 12, 1935 to Apr 12, 1942. Location: Norway, especially Oslo and Narvik. The primary reasons included: eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'scandinaviafacts_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_16',106,'0','0'])); As the conflict developed, Norway held firm to its commitment to observe and not participate. While they had the correct location, the king had managed to escape when the sound of bombers was heard. 30: Allied evacuations begin at Åndalsnes. Crown Prince Olav returned first on May 14, 1945. March 23: The Reichstag passes Enabling Act, giving Hitler dictatorship power. Most people know that Vikings were profoundly talented sailors and raided many Western European and North American settlements in... Viking warriors were larger than life figures whose very appearance instilled fear in those who stood between them and their bounty. In April of 1939, Nazi Germany offered Norway, along with other Scandinavian countries, a non-aggression pact. Why was Hitler interested in Norway? eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'scandinaviafacts_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_0',131,'0','0']));Norway’s economic standing suffered after the German occupation. Along with the return of the Royal Family and government officials, many Norwegians felt a sense of pride in their country, though it was far from the country they knew before World War 2. . March 15/16 - Nazis take Czechoslovakia. Reinhard Heydrich, and Wilhelm Canaris were the top spymasters in the Third Reich, two rivals who were masked in both mystery and secrecy. The original date of operation was April 5, but growing tensions and conflict with the Anglo-French led Operation Wilfred to be postponed until April 8. eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'scandinaviafacts_com-leader-2','ezslot_4',119,'0','0'])); In Germany, Hitler had ordered that the invasion of Norway take place on the ninth of April. The Norwegians received help from British, French, and Polish troops, with allied men eventually outnumbering the Norwegians in the battle. Denmark surrenders on the day of the attack; Norway holds out until June 9.: 10 May - Winston Churchill becomes the new British Prime Minister, replacing Neville Chamberlain. Germany invades Poland Period: Sep 1, 1939 to Sep 2, 1945. 25: German forces successfully continue to push back Allied forces in the. Growing crops and keeping livestock became a popular practice for citizens around this time. 1939 . World War 3 Timeline. Norway may not have entered the war, but seemingly some of its citizens couldn’t resist.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'scandinaviafacts_com-box-4','ezslot_21',138,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'scandinaviafacts_com-box-4','ezslot_22',138,'0','1'])); Caught in the Crossfire of Great Britain and Germany. Before the official beginning of WW II, a number of countries began to act in an aggressive and warlike manner. Timeline of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact (1918–1941) Timeline of Sweden during World War II (1939–1945) Timeline of the Manhattan Project (1939–1947) Timeline of air operations during the Battle of Europe; Timeline of the Holocaust. World War 2 TIMELINE Time Periods 1934-1937 – German militarization 1937-1942 – German aggression 1944-1945 – Allied aggression On April 8, the Norwegian government protested the laying of mines for Operation Wilfred in fear German aggravation would be pointed at them as well. Yet in April of 1940, despite Norwegian resistance, Germany invaded the Scandinavian country and held control until the end of the war in May of 1945. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'scandinaviafacts_com-box-3','ezslot_7',105,'0','0'])); The article below will provide an overview of Norway during World War II starting with events that led up to the invasion, followed by the German occupation itself, and then overview the post-war aftermath. The production capacity had not been affected significantly, but Germany confiscated output. 9 April to 10 May 1940. The royal family in Norway at this time consisted of King Haakon VII, Crown Prince Olav, Crown Princess Martha, and their three children Prince Harald, Princess Astrid, and Princess Ragnhild. The British arrived, surprising the Germans and marking the beginning of the second naval battle of Narvik. On April 8-9, 1940, Germany invaded Norway and Norway surrendered to Germany on June 10. The final battle for Narvik was on land and spanned two months. Jan 17 - The first German Enigma messages are decoded by British intelligence Mar 12 - Russia-Finland war ends. Norwegians cheered and waved flags as the train passed by to show the king’s support on the decision to resist surrender. 5: France and the United Kingdom notify Norway of their reservation of the right to deny Germany access to Norwegian resources. 1700 - The Bronze Age begins in Sweden. After the outbreak of war, Norway, along with Sweden, Denmark, and Finland, announced their neutrality. The Nazis The Nazis come to power in Germany (Adolf Hitler) Sep 1, 1939. “Operation Wilfred” was a British Naval Operation that planned to place mines in the Norwegian waters that Germany relied on for the transportation of iron ore. Simultaneously, German attacks against Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, and France, eventually led the British to retreat from Narvik on June 3. A chronology of key events: Circa 800-1050 - Viking Age, in which Scandinavians go on plundering expeditions abroad. WW2 ... Germany invades Denmark and Norway Germany invades Denmark and Norway May 10, 1940. Norway anticipated that their trade agreements would provide additional protection against invasion, but interest in claiming Norway’s coastline, among other assets, was growing on both German and British sides. 5 world superpowers, supported by hundreds of smaller countries and colonies.8 years that defined the course of the world. 28: French mountain troops arrive at Harstad. ⬖ World War II is a story of tragedy and triumph. WW2 People's War Homepage Archive List Timeline About This Site: Contact Us: Fact File : Norway Campaign. Control of Norways extensive coastline would have been very important in the battle for control of the North Sea and easing the passage of German warships and submarines into the Atlantic. They were masterful at intimidation and were not shy about making... Scandinavia Facts exists to inform people about the people, culture, and history of Northern Europe. Are you interested in the Viking history of Norway? In 2017 it was 4%. The royal family had made the decision to evacuate, as Norway was now considered at war. The king could not form a new government. 6: British Admiralty receives a report from Copenhagen stating ten German destroyers are headed towards Narvik, but considers the possibility of such an event doubtful. Sweden Timeline BCE. World War 2 - Norway occupied by Germany. 68. WWII Timeline Assignment
Sept 1, 1939- Invasion of Poland. An illustrated timeline of key events during World War 2 including pre-war events cited as its causes. The Norwegian Campaign, lasting from 9 April to 10 June 1940, led to the first direct land confrontation between the military forces of the Allies — United Kingdom and France — against Nazi Germany in World War II. Five British destroyer ships sunk two German ships and damaged three others. Immediately, the royal family left the estate heading towards the town of Elverum. It seems that Hitler’s initial intent to respect Norway’s neutrality was genuine. British naval forces cornered the Altmark and attacked it. Some Norwegians settle at … June 22, 1941 marks the German invasion of the Soviet Union. Out of fear of aggravating Germany and risking their commitment to neutrality, the Norwegian government did not allow any citizens to volunteer in the war. Timelines by Korey Lewis: 6 months ago. The Vikings are a storied people, steeped in history and mythology. people who secretly helped vulnerable people to hide and escape. June 16, 1940 - Marshal Pétain becomes French Prime Minister. Trondheim, a northern Norwegian port city, experienced the arrest of all male Jewish citizens in the earlier part of October. Sept. 1 may be the official start of World War II, but it didn't start in a vacuum. . Sep 1, 1939. Relief. As Norway was able to open trade back up and gradually repair its economy, the quality of life improved for citizens. Unemployment in Norway was only 3.1% in 2012 much lower than in most European countries. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'scandinaviafacts_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_28',112,'0','0'])); Leading up to the German invasion of Norway, both Germany and the United Kingdom had plans to invade the country. The Norway Resistance Museum is dedicated to the country’s national history during World War II. ; June 28: Only Nazi Party remains in Germany. 11/11/1918 – World War One Armistice signed.Warfare across the Western Front ceases and the First World War comes to an end after 4 years and 9-11 million military deaths. For a larger perspective, ... Norway surrenders to Germany, King Haakon flees to the mountains and is eventually evacuated to Britain. NORWAY German troops and bombers on an improvised airfield during the battle for Norway, May 3, 1940. Germany invades Poland World War 2 begins Period: Sep 1, 1939 to Aug 14, 1945. Belgium and the Netherlands eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'scandinaviafacts_com-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_1',121,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'scandinaviafacts_com-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_2',121,'0','1'])); The Norwegian army managed to put up a considerable fight given their circumstances, and they managed to slow German troops, but the invasion was still progressing rapidly. Today Norway is a prosperous country and its people have a high standard of living. Displacement and fleeing caused additional stress to the already unsatisfactory rationing and housing system. WW2 Nov 1, 1936. Denmark surrenders on the day of the attack; Norway holds out until June 9. Adolf Hitler opened the first concentration camps as … WW2 timeline 1. Glaciation and other forces wore down the surface and created thick sandstone, conglomerate, and limestone deposits known as sparagmite. Period: Apr 12, 1935 to Apr 12, 1942. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'scandinaviafacts_com-sky-2','ezslot_29',133,'0','0'])); Among the most terrorizing adjustments for many Norwegians was the bomb threats that came from both the German and Allied militaries. Denmark, Norway, and Belgium invaded and occupied by Germany. On their retreat from Finland in late 1944 and early 1945, however, the Germans burned and ravaged Finnmark and northern Troms. Entries are listed below by date-of-occurrence ascending (first-to-last). Events of 1940 - WW2 Timeline (January 1st - December 31st, 1940) 1940 took a turn for the worse for the Allies as the Axis powers made gains across fronts in Europe, Africa, and Asia. timeline_list_6_description: Germany invades Norway, ending a 6-month period of limited land operations called the “Phony War.” timeline_list_7_date: May 10, 1940 timeline_list_7_image: 13435 1933- January 30: Nazi leader Adolf Hitler is appointed Chancellor of Germany. The German fleet suffered massive losses in this attack, but the few surviving German soldiers managed to join the troops in Narvik. Norway even went so far as to accrue national debt in order to invest in strengthening its military. Sep 1, 1939. 2: Germany sets 9 April 1940 as the date for. The German operation was generally successful, with the greatest defensive action from Norway taking place in Oslo. 0. Crown Princess Martha traveled further than Elverum and took her three children to her native country of Sweden. Germany attacked in the west on May 10, 1940. Norwegian authorities knew that there needed to be preparations in place to defend itself, and potentially, its freedom. Other leading and trailing events may also be included for perspective. Over one thousand Norwegians had been killed or injured in the fight for their country. When Nazi Germany ... 1940- German troops invade Denmark and Norway in a very quick movement, because they have known that Norway was strategically and economically important to Germany and the allies. On June 10, 1940, Norway surrendered. Germany invades Norway You might like: LINEA DE TIEMPO SOBRE LA FILOSOFÍA DEL DERECHO. Norwegian citizens also organized collections of food, supplies, and money for Finnish refugees and their devastated communities. A timeline of Norway. At the beginning of the German occupation, the Jewish population in Germany is estimated to have been approximately 2,000, including German and Austrian Jewish refugees who had fled to Norway as a neutral country. See the article Norse Mythology vs Christianity, which includes comparison charts. https://scandinaviafacts.com/norway-in-world-war-2-a-summary Citizens would use coins bearing the symbol to make jewelry or clothing they could rebelliously wear. 75 million people dead. Use this Timeline of World War I to find out how the war played out—from the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand to the armistice in 1918. Hitler invades Denmark and Norway: Hitler invaded and occupied Denmark and Norway to … WW2 Nov 1, 1936. The Timeline of WW2, Month by Month, Year by Year through dozens of films over the decades up till now. The same grit and pride were seen in Norway when the country came under German rule, and a resistance movement formed rapidly. His replacement is, 19: The British 146th Brigade is forced to withdraw from, 20: German air raids ruin Namsos harbour for landing purposes. 1942. Here is a timeline listing some of the major events: Leading up to the War 1933 January 30 - Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany. Seizing control of Narvik was a key step in Germany’s invasion, but was met with strong opposition from the British Royal Navy. The secrets of Mjolnir, https://ww2db.com/person_bio.php?person_id=644, https://www.britannica.com/place/Norway/World-War-II#ref39329, Traditional national adherence to pacifism, A conviction that there was no practical need to join the war. This timeline is about events during World War II of direct significance to Sweden, which remained officially neutral throughout the war. 1905 - Union between Sweden and Norway peacefully dissolved, 90 years after Sweden invaded Norway. Doctors, nurses, and future Norwegian resistance movement leaders, were among those who volunteered. The campaign against the Low Countries and France lasted less than six weeks. Control of Norway would free the way to the North Atlantic, access to the Baltic Sea and German coast from the south and the Arctic Ocean and the approaches to the Soviet Union from the far north. See a History of Vikings: Simplified. You are browsing in: Archive List > Royal Air Force. 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